Periodontology, or periodontics, is the branch of dentistry that deals with the conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, particularly the gums. The gingiva, more commonly called gums, is the soft skin that covers and supports the underlying bones of the teeth. The gums also function as a barrier against bacteria and infection.
The key to healthy gums is good oral hygiene. Maintaining the health of the gums is crucial to one’s overall health. In fact, studies have shown that those with poor gum health is at a higher risk for developing more serious conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and pregnancy complications.
Bad oral hygiene can lead to two main types of gum disease:
The mildest and most common type of gum disease, gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily, especially while brushing the teeth. Pain and discomfort are present, but they are very minimal. Gingivitis is reversible by simply adopting good oral hygiene practices such as brushing the teeth twice a day, flossing and going to the dentist regularly for check-ups.
If gingivitis goes untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, a serious gum infection that can lead to tooth loss. With periodontitis, plaque develops beneath the gum line, causing bacteria to irritate the gums, which, in turn, causes an inflammatory response. As a result of this inflammation, the gums pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that also become infected. If periodontitis is left untreated, the gums and other supporting structures are destroyed, and teeth become loose and may require extraction. Aside from good dental hygiene and more frequent visits to the dentist for deep cleaning, treatment for periodontitis may include surgery.
Gingivitis and periodontitis share similar symptoms, including red and swollen gums, bleeding gums, receding gums, bad breath, and loose or shifting teeth.
Depending on the severity of the gum disease, treatments vary:
Both gingivitis and periodontitis can be prevented with good dental hygiene and regular dentist check-ups. For the best treatments and optimal results, make sure you go only to the best dental clinic in the Philippines.
Cillo Smile Design is a dental clinic in Makati specializing in periodontics, offering services such as oral prophylaxis, deep scaling and root planning, full mouth debridement, laser bacterial reduction and more. For inquiries and appointments, call +632 7729 6674.